The flipped classroom is a pedagogical model in which the typical lecture and homework elements of a course are reversed. Students view short video lectures and/or engage in other online activities at home before the class session, while in-class time is devoted to exercises, projects, or discussions –Read 7 Things You Should Know About… Flipped Classrooms from Educause or watch this 3 minute video summary of flipping the classroom.
There are many possibilities in terms of resources, activities and organisation when flipping a lecture. You’ll find below some useful information about this approach drawing on the results of a study made at LTI.
The flipped lecture model is a learner- rather than teacher-centred approach: students take ownership of their own learning.
⦿ flexibility: students have the ability to watch lectures according to personal time preferences, and can segment the video, pause or rewind it to check on their understanding. One student also added that being dyslexic, it was easier for her to watch the video before the class to be better prepared.
⦿ engagement: strong connections between pre-class preparation and in-class sessions ensure that students are engaged in both the material and the discussions. They are given more time to discuss and question aspects of the lecture. They become active participants instead of passive listeners.
⦿ peer -learning and collaboration: face-to-face time can be used to work in groups and favours knowledge transfer between learners. Activities can be student-led, and the teacher’s role will be the one of a facilitator.
Other benefits include a greater focus on practical application with more “hands-on” activities and a deeper understanding of theories and concepts thanks to the combination of such activities with key concepts and notions drawn from the recorded lectures.
How to make a successful transition from traditional to flipped learning?
A key aspect observed from flipped lectures is the shift of the role of the lecturer from instructor to facilitator. As more responsibility is given to students, it is essential to ensure that:
❶ the learning outcomes are made clear
❷ the material selected is relevant and clearly connected to the class activities
❸ learners receive clear instructions as to what they need to do when preparing for and participating in face-to-face sessions
This might lead to additional work when preparing the course and also requires facilitation skills such as time-keeping, balancing participation, listening and summarising/rephrasing, etc.
Check out the Higher Education Academy’s resources on flipped learning
O’Flaherty, J. and Phillips, C. (2015) The use of flipped classrooms in higher education: A scoping review,The Internet and Higher Education, 25, pp. 85–95. doi: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2015.02.002.
Strayer, J.F. (2012) How learning in an inverted classroom influences cooperation, innovation and task orientation,Learning Environments Research, 15(2), pp. 171–193. doi: 10.1007/s10984-012-9108-4
This article by Jackie Gerstein is a good summary of approaches and some challenges to flipping the classroom.
Echo personal capture
This is software that you install on your own computer (or ask IT to do so, if you plan to use your office machine). It records whatever is on your screen, your voice and, optionally, video from your webcam. The results can be published via the Echo360 system used by LSE to record lectures, making it very convenient to distribute the recording. Everything you need to start using Echo Personal Capture is available from the LTI Lecture Recording page.
Screencast-o-matic is one of many free-to-use websites that will record your voice, along with whatever is on your screen. We recommend this one because it offers a longer recording time and produces good results. The resulting video can be saved as an MP4 file and then uploaded to Moodle, YouTube or wherever else you want it.If you prefer not to install Echo Personal Capture, or you do not wish to distribute your video through the Echo360 system, then this is the best alternative.
The Explain Everything iPad app allows you to record your voice along with slides that you have imported into the app. You can also annotate slides using a stylus or your finger and you can add additional captions, include video and other media. While it’s not free, this is one of the best iPad apps for creating resources for your students to use before class.